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Must you fight

July 7, 1987 www.amazon.com Watch the full testimony: thefilmarchived.blogspot.com Caspar Willard “Cap” Weinberger (August 18, 1917 – March 28, 2006), was an American politician, vice president and general counsel of Bechtel Corporation, and Secretary of Defense under President Ronald Reagan from January 21, 1981, until November 23, 1987, making him the third longest-serving defense secretary to date, after Robert McNamara and Donald Rumsfeld. He is also known for his role in the Strategic Defense Initiative and the Iran-Contra Affair. Though he claims to have been opposed to the sale on principle, Weinberger participated in the transfer of United States TOW anti-tank missiles to Iran during the IranContra affair. By 1987, the disclosure of the Iran-Contra Affair and increasing difficulties with Defense budgets weighed on Weinberger. Weinberger resigned on November 23, 1987, citing his wife’s declining health. He specifically denied that he was opposed to the INF Treaty, scheduled to be signed in Washington in December 1987. In fact, he took credit for proposing the substance of the treaty early in his term at the Pentagon. Following his resignation as Secretary of Defense, legal proceedings against Weinberger were brought by Independent Counsel Lawrence E. Walsh. A federal grand jury indicted Weinberger on two counts of perjury and one count of obstruction of justice on June 16, 1992. He was defended by defense attorney Carl Rauh. Weinberger received a Presidential
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The level of resistance showed by Taliban in the recent military operation in Marjah was not expected by the coalition forces in Afghanistan. No doubt Taliban are stronger today, compared to the time of their defeat in late 2001.

US President Barack Obama’s new Afghan policy, announced at the end of last year, shows the American’s level of interest in the region. Sending thousands of more troops to the region and setting the withdrawal timetable at the same time means the Get-Rid-Of policy is underway. Of course, Taliban are also well aware of the fact that the occupied forces will start withdrawing by mid-2011. Afghan Taliban have a vast experience of guerrilla warfare against the Soviet Union and some of these old tactics have created problems for the occupied forces.

The war expenses have reached the highest level in Afghanistan while the death toll of Americans is on the rise with every passing day. More and more people in the United States are criticising the war which they do not own, and the situation is no different in the rest of the world. It might not be a very serious concern for the American government today, but there is no guarantee that the situation will not change in future. In order to avoid such problems, they are working on the proposed revival of Compulsory Military Service (CMS) in Afghanistan.

The term ‘Nafoosi’ or ‘Mukallafiyat’ which are commonly used by the Afghans for the compulsory service, is not new to them, but what makes the difference today is the environment. Compulsory Military Service (CMS) was introduced by King Zahir Shah in mid-1930s and remained intact till 1985. Afghanistan remained without army for almost ten years (from 1991 to 2001).

There are a number of states which have the CMS as they have no formal military. Those states also include Israel and Iran. One can easily understand the external problems and conflicts of both Israel and Iran, which are missing in the case of Afghanistan. If the CMS is introduced in Afghanistan, it will be the only country where the youth will fight their own countrymen.

Syed Qasim Khan, 75, from Kunar province, who had served in the CMS in Afghanistan, recalls his memory of those days: “It was Zahir Shah’s government at that time and I was 21-year-old. Afghans had paid a heavy price for that Compulsory Military Service. In the early days of CMS, the Safi tribe in Kunar province refused to join the military. The army killed more than six thousands men, including those three thousands men whose dead bodies were found at one place.”

According to him the government was offering them all the basic facilities like medical, food, clothes etc. The minimum age for the CMS was 20 years and the duration of service was two years.

Syed Qasim commented on the past and today’s Afghanistan in these words: “Today’s Afghanistan has changed a lot as compared to that of three or four decades back. At that time, we were not facing any external threat or enemy from outside. We had a clear vision for the defense of our motherland under the Islamic flag of Afghanistan. But today the aggressor is setting our goal and telling us to fight our brothers. We had no sense of higher education at that time, while today’s youth feels the need of higher

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