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Posts Tagged ‘Trials’

A Pardons Process for a Moose: Animal Trials

There is a humorous tradition in Washington DC that involves a pardons process by the President for one turkey at Thanksgiving. The bird, which is donated by a hatchery, is introduced to the President, who gives it a last-minute reprieve and sends it to live out its life in a petting zoo or sanctuary. Recently, Pete the Moose, who had been raised on an elk farm in Vermont, was the subject of his own “pardons process” when Governor Peter Shumlin gave ownership of the moose to the farm; normally, wild animals are in the public trust and under other circumstances, Pete, who was not born on the farm, might have had to be subjected to game animal culling. These stories may strike us as cute, but they hearken back to a time when the criminal law could actually be applied to animals as well as people.

Trials of animals were a surprisingly common practice in the middle ages. According to the prevailing mentality at the time, an animal bore the same moral responsibility for its actions as a human, and could therefore be called to answer for its actions before an ecclesiastic (or civil) court of law. Defendants at the time ranged from dogs, cats and rats to invertebrate pests like ants, usually for harming a human plaintiff in some way. Pigs were a common subject of criminal trials; they used to roam semi-wild around villages and could go in and out of houses, biting children in the process. Today, it would seem plain to us that the responsibility in the matter rests upon the farmer, but in a 1494 French case, for example, a pig entered a house and mutilated a child’s face, whereupon the child died. Predictably, the pig was sentenced to death. This in itself is not so surprising, as even today, many animals that harm people are destroyed. What is remarkable is the fact that moral and criminal responsibility was assigned to the animals, which, conversely, were given a full trial in court, during which they were entitled to lawyers and to be fed while in prison, just like a human.

As can be expected, animals on trial were usually found guilty. But sometimes, a defence would be successful. In Medieval Toulouse, France, a man was once charged with bestiality for having sex with his donkey. As was common at the time, the donkey was charged as well! The man was sentenced to death; according to the prevailing custom, the donkey might have been convicted as well. Luckily for her, many people stepped forward with the (logical) testimony that she was not a willing participant in the act, resulting in her acquittal.

Animal trials continued into the 18th century and, sometimes into the 19th. A much more recent case has been a source of controversy as to its facts. In 1924, Pep, the dog of Pennsylvania Governor Gifford Pinchot was “imprisoned” in Eastern State Penitentiary, Philadelphia. The story is that the Governor had had Pep sentenced to life imprisonment for killing the Pinchots’ cat and according to prison records, “criminal” Pep was actually issued a convict number (C2559). It appears likely, however, that Pep’s “crime” is a later embellishment of the story from a newspaper article, and that Pinchot had merely donated the dog to the prison in order to provide companionship for inmates. On the other hand, as recently as 1906 in Switzerland, a man and his son were charged with murder together with their dog as a “willing accomplice”. While the human defendants were given life sentences, the dog was sentenced to death.

In the civilized world, at least, we seem to have gotten over the notion that an animal can bear criminal responsibility. But on the other hand, many people today believe in recognizing rights for animals. What exactly these rights should include is a matter of contention; to some it mainly concerns the right to be free from cruelty on the part of humans, while others would grant animals equal rights to life with people and there is even a movement to give great apes (which are biologically classified together with humans in the family Hominidae) legal personhood. Should animals be given more rights in law, is it possible that they will also be given more responsibility, such as criminal responsibility? Also, while it may seem absurd to charge an animal with bestiality or bring termites to trial for infesting a house, could some kind of trial process be instituted, for example, to assess whether a dog should be destroyed for attacking a person, considering the animal’s (and its handler’s) side of the story against the charge? These might be questions to think about the next time a turkey receives an official pardons process at Thanksgiving or a wild animal is subjected “to a pardons process” in order to be released from the hunt.

Ned Lecic writes for a pardons agency in Toronto.

Article Source:
http://EzineArticles.com/?expert=Ned_Lecic

Aap Ki Kasam

Rajesh Khanna plays Mumtaz jealous husband who begins to doubt her fidelity when his best friend Sanjeev Kumar enters their lives. She is unable to convince Rajesh Khanna that she loves only him. He leaves her not knowing that she is pregnant with his child. Depressed and confused Rajesh Khanna becomes a homeless wanderer while Mumtaz remarries to provide a secure home for her child.
Video Rating: 4 / 5

Question by rentslave: How soon will Mumia be free once Obama loses in 2012?
No President who loses the popular vote and is defeated for re-election has ever again attempted to run for President.What is to stop Obama from pardoning Wesley Cook,a cause celebre of the extreme left?

Best answer:

Answer by ddd Peppddde
Wow its a genuine fox news dipshit spouting nonsense and not even trying to seem sane or level headed. This is always fun

BTW Obama is probably at the low point of his presidency. Even so things would have to get wwwwaaayyyy worse for him to lose to anyone of the possible POG crapidates

What do you think? Answer below!
Pardon Me, But Your Liberties Are Stepping on My Freedoms
And if we want to live in a society that is free from fear, we cannot have guns so readily available that anyone with a Joker fantasy can gun down scores of innocents in a movie theatre. So the question of which gun regulations should be put in place …
Read more on Huffington Post

A Familiar Dialogue Between Eve And Mary: Concerning The Free Pardon Of Sins, Through The Precious Blood Of Jesus Christ (1757)

A Familiar Dialogue Between Eve And Mary: Concerning The Free Pardon Of Sins, Through The Precious Blood Of Jesus Christ (1757)

This book is a facsimile reprint and may contain imperfections such as marks, notations, marginalia and flawed pages.

List Price: $ 30.95

Price: [wpramaprice asin=”1161842136″]

[wpramareviews asin=”1161842136″]

A brief video on the wonders of Open Source audio recording using Hydrogen drums & Ardour…all samples manipulated via Audacity & Jackbeat. This is my first video on Open Source Hip Hop Production. Pardon the amateur vid production work. More videos to come soon..enjoy..and as always Peace!!!!!!!!!!!!!
Video Rating: 5 / 5

Rally Against NYC Terror Trials!

Article by Gene Lalor

Just in case readers haven’t heard, Attorney General Eric Holder, who in his other life opposed the death penalty and helped arrange the pardons of the FALN terrorists and sleazy financier, Marc Rich, has opted to try 9/11 confessed killer-mastermind Khalid Sheikh Mohammed and four al-Qaeda buddies in New York City.

Instead of the far more appropriate venue of a military tribunal at GITMO, the trial will be conducted in federal court before a civilian jury a block away from Ground Zero where Khalid and his ilk will be accorded all rights and privileges enjoyed by United States citizens.

At taxpayer expense, these Islamic reprobates will be assigned attorneys and be rewarded for murdering 3000 innocents by giving them a public platform to spew their anti-American venom and spout their vile rhetoric against the evils of Western civilization.

Holder has announced he will abandon his long-held opposition to capital punishment and seek the death penalty.

He has also avowed that he made his venue decision unilterally and not at the behest of President Barack Hussein Obama. The president sports an amazing detachment from it all considering he serves as our Commander-in-Chief and the trial involves acts of war committed against the American homeland.

To be sure, Obama doesn’t subscribe to the commonsensical truth that we are engaged in a worldwide, terrorist war but one would think he would have-and should have-made the momentous and sickening decision to treat Khalid, et al. as common criminals, but apparently he didn’t.

Those opposed to this farcical show trial are planning a massive demonstration at noon next Saturday, December 5th in Foley Square, Manhattan.

The 9/11 Never Forget Coalition, http://defendourdefenders.org/, consisting “of 9/11 survivors, family members, first-responders, veterans, and active-duty and reserve military” in conjunction with its “partners, TheBravest.com (a site maintained by New York firefighters remembering the fellows they lost on September 11, 2001), 9/11 Families for a Safe and Strong America, and Keep America Safe” will stage the rally: http://bit.ly/7soYrU.

Foley Square, in the heart of N.Y.C., is accessible by various bus and subway lines.

The rally will be the first, and maybe the last, chance for Americans to be heard in opposition to Holder’s asinine and dangerous call to give Khalid and al-Qaeda what they’ve wanted all along. Within weeks, this crew will be regurgitated on the doorstep of what once was the World Trade Center.

About the Author

http://genelalor.com

Salem Witch Trials

Duncan Hunter Sponsors Legislation to Pardon Ramos & Compean
Video Rating: 0 / 5

Three hundred years ago, the people in and around Salem, Massachusetts were engaged in the most massive witch hunt in American history. Authorities arrested over 150 suspects from more than two dozen towns, juries convicted twenty-eight, and nineteen were hanged (Aronson, 2003, p. 5). Contemporaries of the tragedy grappled with Satan’s role in the affair. Embracing the reality of witchcraft, many wondered if the Devil had not manipulated the people of New England into an orgy of destructive accusations. With the passing of the participants, researchers began to discount a satanic role and sought instead to assign blame to human agents for the tragedy.

In this paper we’ll discuss the events related to Salem Witch Trials and analyze historical, social and economic factors which contributed to those events. This research is aimed to prove that there were several reasons for persecution of Salem witches such as the desire of New England clergy to create true Christian church, the assertion of male power, superstitious beliefs of people and their inability to explain natural phenomena, and slow development in the field of medicine and incapability to determine causes of certain illnesses.

1. Historical Conditions

1.1. Early American Witchcraft Beliefs

In the seventeenth century people automatically assumed that their difficulties had a supernatural explanation. Floods, thunder, lightning, hailstorms, hurricanes, earthquakes, and comets were considered the harbingers of illness or destruction. Curses, spells, and the evil eye, most believed, could cause harm. Reports of strange dreams, visions, unseen voices, and prophecies circulated frequently (Aronson, 2003, p. 14). In England, practitioners of magic, men and women who sought to manipulate supernatural powers, abounded. Rich and poor alike consulted cunning folk to recover lost property, to discover a cure for illness, for help in finding missing family members or livestock, for advice in making personal and business decisions, or to identify witches.

New Englanders were engaged in fortunetelling; carefully read almanacs for astronomical data essential to the practice of astrology; read about and pursued the mysteries of alchemy; and a few boasted about their knowledge of the occult (Levack, 1987, p. 65).

1.2. Condemnation of witchcraft by Church

Religious and secular authorities in Catholic and Protestant regions grew concerned about an organized cult of witches. In 1484, Pope Innocent VIII issued a bull condemning witchcraft as heresy, the exercise of supernatural powers obtained through a demonic pact. Two years later, with papal approval, Heinrich Kramer and Jacob Sprenger, Dominican inquisitors, published the Malleus Maleficarum (The Hammer of Witches), the first major treatise on witchcraft beliefs (Levack, 1987, p. 11). By the early seventeenth century, works on witchcraft beliefs collectively offered a picture of a secret society of Devil-worshiping witches. Despite the efforts of writers like Margaret Murray, Montague Summers, and Jeffrey B. Russell to prove the existence of such cults, recent scholarship has demonstrated that no organized society of witches ever developed (Levack, 1987, p.12).

2. Profile of

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